Is it possible to treat vascular forms with laser?
Yes. Treatments with laser are different than the other methods as they are fast, effective, not including any disease risk, less damage on tissue and relatively less painful treatments. Moreover, it is applied without affecting the patientâ€™s social and business life.
How is vascular lesion treatment applied with laser?
This is a selective photothermolysis action as all laser treatments are. The target of the laser beams are the chromophores (colored materials) called hemoglobin and oxyhemoglobin in the erythrocytes which are inside the blood. These colored materials absorb the laser beam. Vascular form is deformed as a result of 90 degrees heat on the target. Then, these deformed parts are eliminated by the body and removed from it.
On which cases can laser treatment be applied?
Most of the congenital or adventitious vascular pathologies can be treated with laser. It can be applied on vascular pathologies either congenitally seen such as hemangioma, port wine stain or adventitiously seen erythema, spider angioma, pyogenic granulomata, angiokeratoma, venous lake.
What are the most vascular lesion treatment types that the patients apply for?
The most vascular lesion treatments applied are red or blue capillary vessels called telangiectasia on cheek, under-eye, nose, red or blue capillary vessels behind femoral, legs and knees or relatively deeper blue vessels. Radius of these vessels should be between 0-5mm otherwise they cannot be treated. After examining the vascular pathology, a personal treatment plan is determined.
Vasodilation can occur on face or legs by the reasons of exposing to sun or solarium too much, aging, trauma, pregnancy, locally applied steroid medicines, birth control medicines. Again, vascular lesions like red little spots can occur on body and face by the reasons of aging or sun. Generally one or two sessions of treatment is enough to remove these kind of superficial vascular lesions. The vessels can become apparent on legs because of increased pressure in vena by the reasons of long lasting standing, being fat, immobility or smoking. Blue vessels which can be seen very easily on light skin tone and which has a bad esthetic look can be treated in one laser session. In congenital vascular problems such as hemangioma or PWS, application style and session number is very changeable according to the vessel type (artery or vena), the depth of the vessel, the area of the vessel and the amount of the blood flow in the pathological area.
Which vessels are inappropriate for laser treatment?
Laser treatment is not appropriate for vessels which have wider radius than 5 mm, deep vanes and for patients who are determined by Doppler to have deficiency of valves. Vessels having smaller radius than 5mm are appropriate for treatment.
What is the session number, application time and interval in vessel treatments?
Session number of vascular pathology can only be determined after the patient is examined by a doctor. Vessels have 4mm and smaller radius can be treated with special method in one session with Gemini Laser in our clinic. Session intervals are usually 4 weeks. Each session lasts 15-45 min according to the vascular pathology.
Is gender important for treatment?
No, it is not. Treatment can be conveniently applied to both sexes.
Is reformation of the vessel seen on the same part after treatment?
It is not in question to see a reformation of a treated vessel. However, depending of the characteristics of the lesion, new lesions free from the former one can be seen on the same part but this possibility is very low compared to other people who are never treated.
What kind of effects can be seen after vascular lesion treatment with laser?
Slight redness, edema and small crusting which recover in a short time can be seen after application according to the case of the vascular lesion. If the patientâ€™s skin is too thin or the depth of the lesion is too much, a superficial burnt can happen. Later on, crusting and redness can be seen lasting for 15-20 days. This redness returns normal in 2-3 months. Permanent side effect is rarely seen. If the patient does not use a high factor sun cream, changing color on application region can be seen.
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