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What is acupuncture?

What is acupuncture

What is acupuncture?

Acupuncture is a word that combinations of acus and puncture and also means to prick on dots. It has a past over than 5000 years. Although it has been said that its origin is Chinese, tablets which are written in Uyghur Turkish and included spots of acupuncture dots were found in Uyghur autonomous region of China in the archaeological excavations.

The clear result obtained from this is that:

Acupuncture is discovered by Turkish people.

It has application styles as ears and body. In 1950, French physiopatholog Dr. Paul NOIGER made numerous scientific studies and concluded that there is a spot on ear which every organ and tissue system in our body communicate thinking that the anatomic shape of the ear is similar to the shape of fetus. In a healthy person, there is not any pathologic spot on ear. Acupuncture spots on ear are found by special scanning devices in electrical principles and according to the electrical behavior of that spot gold or silver needle is used. When necessary, laser, electrical current, heat and magnetic current can be used instead of needle.

By acupuncture, releasing valuable and efficient substances like hormone, enzyme, neuro-mediator, neuro- transmitter in our body and which are our medicine is provided.

Therefore a treatment is provided which is

*Without side effect,
*Mostly permanent and completely solving.

Scientific definition:

Acupuncture, which has been come until today with accurate data as thousands of treatment, has been very popular in many develop countries for the last 20-30 years. It has a very important place in today’s medicine since it provides recovery in many diseases which are very resistant for classical treatments, it does not have any side effects, it is easily applied and it is effective and economical.

Prick has objective and subjective effects. As subjective effects, there may be a slight pain on the spot. Besides, special sense called “Qi” in Chinese can be felt. This Qi sense is described as torpidity, slight pain, severity, tension or electrification by the patients.

Acupuncture has 6 objective effects:

Analgesia effect:
This is the most known and used effect. This is the physiological basis of acupuncture analgesia and how acupuncture analgesia produced during treatment is able to alleviate pain from arthritis, toothache, headache, low backache, and many other painful problems.

The most valid explanation about pain killer effect is the “Gate Control Theory” which was propounded by R. Melzack and P. D. Wall in 1965. Gate control theory suggests that the spinal cord contains a neurological "gate" that either blocks pain signals or allows them to continue on to the brain. Unlike an actual gate, which opens and closes to allow things to pass through, the "gate" in the spinal cord operates by differentiating between the types of fibers carrying pain signals. Pain signals traveling via small nerve fibers are allowed to pass through, while signals sent by large nerve fibers are blocked. Gate control theory is often used to explain phantom or chronic pain.

Another theory is “Endorphin Secretion Theory” (B. Pomeranz, 1976). Endorphin is a substance which is much more effective than morphine and produced by the body itself. Endorphins do not only cause acupuncture analgesia but also recover syndromes with chronic pain. The researcher named Terrinius Upsala showed that endorphin amount is very low on patients with chronic pain.

Sedation effect:

Regardless of the pathology being treated, many patients fall asleep during a treatment and wake up feeling refreshed. The sedative properties of certain points however, go beyond making the patient feel tired and sleepy. Not only are these effects used to address insomnia, they are also used to address anxiety stemming from states such as addictions, epilepsy's, mental disorders, and behavioral difficulties.

Homeostasis (normalizing) effect:

There are numerous documented mechanisms that regulate respiration, temperature, blood pressure, metabolic rate, heart rate, and many other important parameters. The mechanisms responsible for maintaining a normal and balanced internal environment of the body are often derailed in disease states. The needling of homeostatic/regulatory points is effective in restoring the natural and original state of balance. This regulatory effect is also therapeutic in addressing emotional and psychological imbalances and may therefore be utilized in treating problems such as chronic depression.

Immunity (Immune system) Enhancement effect:

Points are also utilized to boost or strengthen the body’s resistance to disease and inflammation. It has been shown that acupuncture increases the number of leucocytes, antibodies, gamma globulins, and other substances that increase the resistive abilities of the body. Acupuncture is therefore indicated when addressing infections and particularly useful in addressing long term infections where antibiotics have failed. In many cases, concurrent treatments of acupuncture will reduce the need for prolonged antibiotic therapy. Anti-inflammatory points are also used to address conditions such as conjunctivitis, sinusitis, tendentious, arthritis, and other inflammatory conditions. Patients suffering from symptoms associated with allergies and the common cold/flu also find acupuncture very helpful in alleviating symptoms.

Psychological Effect:

This refers to the calming/tranquilizing influence that certain points have when addressing the psychogenic factors common in almost all chronic pathologies. For example, some points are used to address the anxiety stemming from a skin disorder or a facial paralysis. These points are also commonly used to alleviate mental/emotional stresses.

Motor Recovery Effect:

On paralysis, motor recovery is provided with acupuncture.

Acupuncture in the World

Acupuncture is seen as major branch in medicine faculties notably in USA, all of the EU countries, Russia and other developed countries and its treatment cost is paid by insurance. International Medicine Acupuncture Science Council which is included in the World Health Organization and called “ICMART”, holds conferences in every two year in several countries in the world and they support every kind of scientific study materially and morally. Besides, in 1950s, “Ludwig Boltzmann Acupuncture Institution” is established under the leadership of Prof. Dr. Johannes Bischo and within the scope of Vienna Medicine Faculty in Austria and since then, evidence-based, scientific, academic, clinical researches and studies are implemented. These studies still continue today.

Acupuncture in our Country

Ministry of healthy declared the foundation of “Acupuncture Science Commission” and accepted acupuncture as a science in the regulations published in official newspaper in 1991. The very first “Acupuncture education” has started in Gazi University Medicine Faculty under the leadership of Prof. Dr. Cemal Çevik and in the direction of Approval of Ministry of Health in 2003. In 2007, again with the approvals from the Ministry of Health, “Acupuncture Application, Research and Education Unit” was established in Istanbul Yeditepe University Medicine Faculty and acupuncture education has started. In our country, “International Participated National Acupuncture Conference” is held in every two years for 4 years.

Acupuncture Spots

These spots are the spots that reflects the disease in the diagnosis and are stimulated in the treatment. They are electromagnetic spots which are electrically high tensioned but low resistant. There are 761 body acupuncture spots in a human body. Each of these spots has different physiological effects and features. Besides, in the earlap, there are such spots which reflects the whole anatomy of our body. In other words, the whole body which has 70 trillion cells are represented in earlap.


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